No more one to 3 children in China: Xi Jinping's government is scrapping the one-child policy, quietly campaigning

China's Communist Party is busy erasing the traces of its one-child policy dating back to the 1980s. For decades people there were forced to have only one child. Slogans were plastered on the walls and people were heavily promoted to have a child. Strict rules were made. Now they are being erased.

China is moving from a one-child policy to a two-child policy and now a three-child policy. That means now people are being asked to have 3 children.

Acceptance the One-Child Policy of China

A set of rules known as the "one-child policy" were put into place starting in 1979 in response to rapid population increase that government officials believed would result in a demographic catastrophe. China has a long tradition of supporting family planning and birth control. When population growth began to exceed the availability of food in the 1950s, the government began to advocate for birth control.

But as China's population rapidly approached 1 billion by the late 1970s, the country's authorities began to think about measures to slow the country's population increase. After a year of uneventful progress in 1979, the government standardized the procedure across the country in 1980, at which point it was taken more seriously and consistently.

Nonetheless, there were exclusions for people from minority ethnic backgrounds, families with a disabled firstborn, and rural households whose firstborn was not a boy. Due to more opposition from members of China's rural communities, the strategy was most successful in urban regions.

The one-child policy was intended to be a temporary solution, but it may have ended up preventing up to 400 million births.5. China eventually lifted its one-child policy after realizing that it might have been too successful: a large number of Chinese were approaching retirement age, and the country had insufficient young people to support the healthcare needs and retirement of the older population while maintaining steady economic growth.

The officially enforced policy came to an end on October 29, 2015, following a gradual easing of its regulations to enable a greater number of couples who met specific requirements to have a second child. Currently, a couple may have up to two kids.

Check out artwork related to family planning in Wuhan in 2020 and 2024, this includes artwork of just one child in 2020, now adding 2 children...

China's population has declined for the second year in a row

China's population will decline for the second time in a row in 2023. China's national birth rate fell to a record low last year. 9 million babies were born in China in 2023, while 9.5 million babies were born there in 2022.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the birth rate in China was 6.67% in 2022, which will decrease to 5.7% in 2023. This means that in China, where there were 6.67 births per thousand people in 2022, it will drop to 6.39 in 2023.

What was China's one child policy?

China's population grew from 54 crores to 94 crores during Mao's rule. In such a situation, the Communist Party of China decided to change the population policy. In 1978, the government passed a resolution. Under this, people were asked to produce children. A large-scale campaign was launched in China.

One child policy was implemented in 1979. Various measures were taken for its promotion. In Sichuan province, more rations were given to couples who vowed to have only one child. In 1979, 'Certificate of Honour' was given to couples having children.

China included it in its constitution in 1982. Birth control was made the responsibility of every Chinese citizen. After this the One Child Policy was aggressively implemented. The effect of the one-child policy was that couples who had a girl either killed her or left her somewhere far away. Many girls were forced into prostitution. In addition, China's gender ratio was severely uneven.

If a couple has more than one child, the government will impose a penalty on them. Such children who could not pay the fine were taken away by the officials. If there was more than one child, his job was taken away. In many cases they were even sent to jail. Forced abortion and sterilization were common.

Implications of the One-Child Policy

The demographic and economic destiny of China was significantly impacted by the one-child policy. China has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world as of the early 2020s, at 1.6. (America's score is 1.7.)

China now has a significant gender imbalance, with between 3 and 4% more men than women living there. China saw an increase in the number of girls left in orphanages, the termination of female fetuses, and even the infanticide of baby girls as a result of the one-child policy and the desire for male children.

This still has an impact on national birthrates and marriage rates. In China, there were fewer women of childbearing age while there were fewer females.8 As death rates declined and longevity rates increased, there were fewer children born as a result of the decline in birthrates. By 2050, the percentage of persons 65 and older is predicted to have increased from barely 12% to 26%.9. As a result, elder parents will depend more on their kids for financial assistance, and they will have fewer kids overall. This is made worse by the fact that China has become significantly more urbanized since 1980, with the percentage of the population living in cities rising from 19% to 60% in recent years.10 China will struggle to support an elderly population and may experience a workforce shortage.